f you have
information you think might be of interest to others, please see the
Species Data Form.
(last update 04/01/99)
What Name Means: (Epipedo G = on
the ground / bates G = one that walks
or haunts / tri = 3 / Color = color)
Size range: 0.6 to 1 inches (16
to 25 mm)
Weight range: g
Average size of female: inches (______ mm)
Average weight of female: g
Average size of male: _______ inches (______ mm)
Average weight of male:
How to identify sexes: Males tend to be more slender than
Description: Tricolors have a base color from red to brown
with lines of white, blue, or green lines running from the head to tail.
Other Morphs: Please see the Tricolor
Call: Loud trill
Biotype and Distribution
Distribution: Ecuador west of the Andes from 600 to 2000
Day Temperature: 75 F 24C
Night Temperature : ____
Relative humidity during dry season: ______ %
Are frogs sitting in sunlight:
When is their active time:
What kinds of food in wild:
Recommended dimension: L =____ in. (___ cm) W= ___ in(____
cm) H= ____in (____cm)
Day Temperature: as high as 85 F (30 C)
Night Temperature : as low as 65 F (18 C)
Terrarium landscaping: Well planted with some elevated
areas for male to call from.
Average age in terrarium: ______ years
Maximum age in terrarium: up to 15 years
Behavior - outgoing or reclusive: outgoing
Parts of Vivarium occupied:
How often misted:
Eggs/clutch size: 12 - 40
Where are eggs placed: Leaf litter and tall plants
Sensitive to light:
Development time for eggs: 10 - 14 days
Development time for tadpoles: 42 - 49 days
Percent of Eggs to develop into tadpoles: ____%
Percent of tadpoles that develop into froglets: _____%
Percent of froglets that reach maturity: ______%
Age of maturity: May start to reproduce at 6 months but
may take 3 years to reach full color
Food for tadpoles: ______________________
Tadpoles kept singly or in groups: When kept in groups
only about 20% of the tadpole survived. When kept singly almost 100%
survived. (Malolepsy 1993)
Are F1 offspring different from wild caught parents: Yes.
Captive bread animals tend to be more of a brown in color and to have narrow
Methods to induce breeding: _____________
General notes about specie
Ken Uy was kind enough to give me the following
notes regarding his experiences:
Males are very willing to call, even if disturbed. Sometimes you could
be chasing them with your hand trying to catch them and they'll keep calling.
It's easy to sex them by spotting the ones that call (if they're old enough)
because they're so willing to do so, especially after you spray the tank.
Females can get VERY round when gravid. Almost scary, like they'll pop.
They are very hearty eaters, and will take crickets that are larger than
what a D. tinctorius would dare try.
I've had the best luck getting tads when I let the male take care of them.
Then when they look like they're ready to hatch I let the bromeliads dry
out so he'll be forced to deposit the tads in a cup of water. That way
they'll be easy to collect. I haven't had any problems rearing them in
groups, but changing the water often helps them grow faster. Feeding them
spirulina also improves the color, so they come out pretty red or get red
earlier (at least the variety I had did.)
The froglets seem to be especially sensitive to dirty water after they've
morphed out, so keep their water source very clean. If there is ammonia
in the water, they'll go into spasms and die.
to go to Ken's web page
Other sites with information or photos:
Page by Ken Uy http://home.earthlink.net/~kenuy/vivarpage.htm
Sugiyama's Poison Frog Page - http://biol1.bio.nagoya-u.ac.jp:8001/~ssugiya/herp.html
Sources of information: