Doyle's Dart Den


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Species Data Form.

Epipedobates tricolor
(last update 04/01/99)

What Name Means:   (Epipedo G = on the ground / bates G = one that walks or haunts / tri = 3 / Color = color)
Common Name:

Physical Description
Size range:  0.6   to 1 inches (16  to 25  mm)
Weight range:  g
Average size of female:  inches  (______  mm)
Average weight of female:  g
Average size of male: _______ inches  (______ mm)
Average weight of male:
How to identify sexes:  Males tend to be more slender than females.
Description:  Tricolors have a base color from red to brown with lines of white, blue, or green lines running from the head to tail.
Other Morphs:  Please see the Tricolor Morph page
Call:  Loud trill

Biotype and Distribution
Distribution:  Ecuador west of the Andes from 600 to 2000 meters.
Population density:
Day Temperature:  75 F 24C
Night Temperature :  ____
Relative humidity during dry season:  ______ %
Rainy season:
Are frogs sitting in sunlight:
When is their active time:
What kinds of food in wild:

Recommended dimension:  L =____ in. (___ cm) W= ___ in(____ cm) H= ____in (____cm)
Day Temperature:  as high as 85 F (30 C)
Night Temperature :  as low as 65 F (18 C)
Terrarium landscaping:  Well planted with some elevated areas for male to call from.
Average age in terrarium:  ______ years
Maximum age in terrarium:  up to 15 years
Behavior - outgoing or reclusive:  outgoing
Parts of Vivarium occupied:
How often misted:

Eggs/clutch size:  12 - 40
Where are eggs placed:  Leaf litter and tall plants
Sensitive to light:
Development time for eggs: 10 - 14 days
Development time for tadpoles: 42 - 49 days
Percent of Eggs to develop into tadpoles: ____%
Percent of tadpoles that develop into froglets: _____%
Percent of froglets that reach maturity: ______%
Age of maturity:  May start to reproduce at 6 months but may take 3 years to reach full color
Food for tadpoles: ______________________
Tadpoles kept singly or in groups:  When kept in groups only about 20% of the tadpole survived.  When kept singly almost 100% survived. (Malolepsy 1993)
Are F1 offspring different from wild caught parents:  Yes.  Captive bread animals tend to be more of a brown in color and to have narrow lines.

Methods to induce breeding: _____________

General notes about specie
    Ken Uy was kind enough to give me the following notes regarding his experiences:

  • Males are very willing to call, even if disturbed. Sometimes you could be chasing them with your hand trying to catch them and they'll keep calling. It's easy to sex them by spotting the ones that call (if they're old enough) because they're so willing to do so, especially after you spray the tank.
  • Females can get VERY round when gravid. Almost scary, like they'll pop.
  • They are very hearty eaters, and will take crickets that are larger than what a D. tinctorius would dare try.
  • I've had the best luck getting tads when I let the male take care of them. Then when they look like they're ready to hatch I let the bromeliads dry out so he'll be forced to deposit the tads in a cup of water. That way they'll be easy to collect. I haven't had any problems rearing them in groups, but changing the water often helps them grow faster. Feeding them spirulina also improves the color, so they come out pretty red or get red earlier (at least the variety I had did.)
  • The froglets seem to be especially sensitive to dirty water after they've morphed out, so keep their water source very clean. If there is ammonia in the water, they'll go into spasms and die.
  • Click here to go to Ken's web page

Other sites with information or photos:
The Vivarium Page by Ken Uy

Shin Sugiyama's Poison Frog Page -

Sources of information:

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